Digital Millennium Copyright Act
The 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA, 17 USC) was added to U.S copyright law to address the relationship between copyright and the internet (including works that are digital or distributed online). It provides the legal process for copyright holders to protect their digital content from infringement (with some allowances for access).
The DMCA was written to address the the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) treaties signed in December 1996 at the Geneva Conference. The DMCA has five titles, the first of four of which impact colleges, universities, and libraries.
Title I: WIPO Treaty Implementation
Title II: Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation
Provides limited liability to Online Service Providers (OSP) as long as the institution meets certain requirements (MCC acts as an OSP for students, staff, and faculty). Specifically:
Title III: Computer Maintenance or Repair Copyright
Title IV: Miscellaneous Provisions
This section addresses miscellaneous copyright issues, which are of particular interest to colleges, universities, and libraries:
Title V: Protection of Certain Original Designs
This section is of little concern to libraries: